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The main tax deductions available in Quebec: what you need to know

When it comes to paying taxes, it’s essential to know which tax deductions you’re entitled to. In Quebec, there are several specific deductions that can help you reduce your tax bill and save money. In this article, we’ll review some of the main tax deductions available in Quebec and give you an overview of what you need to know about them.

What are the main tax deductions?

  • Deductions for medical expenses
  • Deductions for childcare expenses
  • Deductions for tuition fees
  • Deductions for charitable donations
  • Deductions for moving expenses
  • Deductions for business travel expenses
  • Deductions for mortgage interest
  • Deductions for contributions to registered plans
  • Deductions for capital losses

Deductions for medical expenses

Medical expenses can quickly add up, but fortunately, you can deduct them from your taxable income in Quebec. This includes health care costs, prescription drugs, dentist fees, optometry fees, psychologist fees and many other eligible medical expenses. Be sure to keep your receipts in a safe place, as they may be requested when you file your income tax return.

What expenses qualify for a medical expense deduction?

  • Medical and dental expenses not covered by health insurance.
  • Prescription drugs and other pharmaceutical expenses.
  • Optometry fees, including glasses and contact lenses.
  • Psychologist and physiotherapist fees.
  • Fees for chiropractors, acupuncturists and other health professionals.
  • Medical devices such as hearing aids, wheelchairs, etc.

eductions for childcare expenses

Families who use childcare services can benefit from tax deductions in Quebec. These deductions cover the cost of daycare, day camps, family daycare, and even some daycare during working hours. Parents should be sure to claim these deductions to ease the financial burden of childcare.

What expenses qualify for a childcare expense deduction?

  • Daycare and family daycare fees.
  • Day and summer camp fees.
  • Childcare expenses during working hours.

Deductions for tuition fees

If you’re a student or have a child attending a post-secondary educational institution in Quebec, you may be eligible for tuition fee deductions. These deductions reduce your taxable income by the amount of tuition fees paid. Be sure to consult the specific criteria for these deductions, as they may vary according to your individual situation.

What expenses qualify for a tuition fees deduction?

  • Tuition fees for post-secondary institutions (universities, colleges, etc.).
  • Eligible school supplies.

Deductions for charitable donations

Generous Quebecers who make donations to recognized charities can benefit from tax deductions. Whether you make financial or in-kind donations, it’s important to keep official receipts so you can use them when filing your income tax return. Charitable deductions allow you to reduce your tax liability while supporting causes that are important to you.

What expenses qualify for a charitable donations deduction?

  • Cash or in-kind donations to recognized charitable organizations.
  • Donations of clothing, furniture and other goods.

Deductions for moving expenses

If you’ve moved to Quebec for business reasons, you may be eligible for tax deductions on your moving expenses. These deductions cover expenses such as transportation, storage and temporary housing. Be sure to keep receipts and check specific eligibility criteria, as certain conditions must be met.

What expenses qualify for a moving expenses deduction?

  • Transportation, temporary accommodation and storage costs related to a business move.

Deductions for business travel expenses

Workers who have to travel regularly for business reasons can benefit from deductions for travel expenses. This includes public transit, parking, car rental, accommodation and meal expenses incurred during business travel. It’s important to keep detailed records of your expenses and retain receipts.

What expenses qualify for a business travel expenses deduction?

  • Public transportation costs.
  • Parking fees.
  • Car rental costs.
  • Accommodation and meal expenses during business trips.

Deductions for mortgage interest

If you have taken out a mortgage loan to purchase, build or renovate your principal residence in Quebec, you may be eligible for a deduction for mortgage interest paid. This deduction reduces your taxable income and can represent a significant tax saving. Be sure to keep your mortgage payment statements and supporting documents to claim this deduction.

What expenses qualify for a mortgage interest deduction?

  • Interest paid on a mortgage loan for the purchase, construction or renovation of a principal residence.

Deductions for contributions to registered plans

Registered Retirement Savings Plans (RRSPs) and Registered Education Savings Plans (RESPs) offer tax advantages in Quebec. The contributions you make to these plans are tax deductible, which means you can reduce your taxable income and potentially increase your long-term savings. Find out more about annual contribution limits and specific rules for maximizing the tax benefits of these registered plans.

What expenses qualify for a contributions to registered plans deduction?

  • Contributions to a registered retirement savings plan (RRSP).
  • Contributions to a registered education savings plan (RESP).

Deductions for capital losses

If you have incurred capital losses from the sale of assets such as stocks, real estate or other investments, you may be eligible for a capital loss deduction. These losses can be used to reduce your taxable income and offset capital gains realized in the same or future years. Be sure to consult the specific rules and limits in this regard.

  • Capital losses arising from the sale of assets (shares, real estate, etc.).


Knowing the tax deductions available in Quebec is essential to minimizing your tax bill and maximizing your savings. Deductions for medical expenses, child care expenses, tuition fees, charitable donations, mortgage interest, contributions to registered plans and capital losses are just some of the major deductions available to you. Be sure to consult the specific eligibility criteria, retain supporting documentation and consult a tax professional to ensure you benefit from all the tax deductions to which you are entitled.

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